What’s the Difference Between Sativa, Indica, and Hybrid Cannabis?
Technically, there are two definitive strains of Cannabis: Sativa and Indica. While Indica is known for it’s uplifting energy and stimulative effects, sativa is known to have a sedative effect that makes relaxing and sleeping much easier. But have you ever wondered what happens when you combine these two into a new strain of cannabis?
Welcome to the realm of hybrid strains. Hybrids are the combination of cannabis strains that you will find a wide selection of within our dispensary menu, alongside the usual sativa and indica options.
Indica vs. Sativa vs. Hybrid
Indica Strains: Known for their physically sedating effects, indica strains are like a pre-bed nightcap. It will help you relax and fall asleep, as well as relieve symptoms of pain, anxiety, or nausea.
Sativa Strains: If you’re looking for an invigorating cannabis that will stimulate the brain and pair well with socializing, getting creative, and/or engaging in physical activity, sativa is an excellent choice. It’s uplifting cerebral effects are great for stimulating thought and improving your emotional state.
Hybrid Strains: Hybrids are the happy medium between indica and sativa strains. It takes on traits from both sides of the spectrum. The traits inherited from the hybrid’s parent strains can differ from one to another, which is why there are so many different types of hybrid cannabis. Science!
How Strains are Selected to Treat Symptom
Depending on a medical patient’s condition, one strain may not be the end-all solution for a better quality of life. In some cases, one strain may be used in the morning and another at night.
Each strain has its own classification that can be aligned with an individual’s symptoms or ailment. For example, a patient who suffers from depression may take sativa during the day and an indica strain to help them sleep at night.
Meanwhile, patients who require treatment for seizures, pain, anxiety, and other conditions may choose strains with higher levels of CBD with little to no psychoactive effects.
The History Behind Medical Marijuana and Different Strains
Sativa and indica strains have been used in the medicinal field for centuries. They were first classified in the late 1700’s—long after they became a norm for medicinal, spiritual, and recreational practices. Hybrids came later on when individuals growing cannabis decided to mix cannabis from different geographical locations to produce new strains.
Indicas are believed to have originated in India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, which is why they develop thick coats of resin. It protects the plants against the harsh weather and climate they grow within.
In contrast, sativa came from countries close to the equator, such as Columbia, Mexico, and even Thailand, thus they are more accustomed to temperate environments.
Beyond their origins, sativa and indica cannabis strains have several other attributes unique to each strain. Both differ greatly in appearance, flowering times, how much they yield per harvest, flavor, and effect.
The main factor in determining a strains impact is the level of THC and CBD within it. These cannabinoids combined with the aromatic oils secreted into the cannabis’ resin result in the physical, emotional, and cerebral effects. These levels are determined by genetics, which leave plenty of room for variations.
How a plant is grown can also determine the levels of terpene and cannabinoid within the harvest, giving rise to different physical sensations.